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The Effects of Coaches' Pre-game Speeches on Young Players Abstract: In contrast with the extensive use of coaches' pre-game speeches, there is a lack of research on the effects of such commonly used strategy. Different authors have prompted that the pre-game speech contributes to enhanced athletes' self-efficacy. However, previous results are inconclusive. This study examines its effects on young athletes' self-efficacy in two different quantitative studies. Study 1 compared athletes' self-efficacy beliefs when arriving to the premises and immediately after receiving the coach's speech in a sample of 61 soccer players (male=42, female=19; age range: 10–16) from 6 different teams. Repeated measures ANOVA showed significant results, F(1, 60) = 27. 32, p < . 001, η2 = . 313. However, such differences did not appear when age was added as covariate, F(1, 58) = 0. 08, p = . 777, η2 = . 001. In order to control for the effect of the match itself, Study 2 analyzed the influence of pre-game speeches on eight matches following the same procedure in a sample of ten male players (M = 16. 77 years old, SD = 0. 60, range: 16–17 years old) from the same team. Results showed the differences were attributable to the match, F(7, 98. 54) = 7. 625, p < . 001, rather than to the pre-game speech. According to our results, differences found are due to age and the specific match the players have to face and seems pre-game speeches do not have any influence on athletes' perceived efficacy. Whether such speeches have an effect on other facets should be stablished in future work. Download the article here: The Effects of Coaches' Pre-game Speeches on Young Players' Self-Efficacy